Question: How Do I Grep Two Words In Linux?

How do I grep all files in a directory?

By default, grep would skip all subdirectories.

However, if you want to grep through them, grep -r $PATTERN * is the case.

Note, the -H is mac-specific, it shows the filename in the results.

To search in all sub-directories, but only in specific file types, use grep with –include ..

How do I grep a directory name?

An easy way to do this is to use find | egrep string . If there are too many hits, then use the -type d flag for find. Run the command at the start of the directory tree you want to search, or you will have to supply the directory as an argument to find as well. Another way to do this is to use ls -laR | egrep ^d .

How do I list files in Linux?

15 Basic ‘ls’ Command Examples in LinuxList Files using ls with no option. … 2 List Files With option –l. … View Hidden Files. … List Files with Human Readable Format with option -lh. … List Files and Directories with ‘/’ Character at the end. … List Files in Reverse Order. … Recursively list Sub-Directories. … Reverse Output Order.More items…

Why grep is fast?

GNU grep is fast because it AVOIDS LOOKING AT EVERY INPUT BYTE. GNU grep is fast because it EXECUTES VERY FEW INSTRUCTIONS FOR EACH BYTE that it does look at. … GNU grep uses raw Unix input system calls and avoids copying data after reading it. Moreover, GNU grep AVOIDS BREAKING THE INPUT INTO LINES.

How do you grep words in a directory in Linux?

GREP: Global Regular Expression Print/Parser/Processor/Program. You can use this to search the current directory. You can specify -R for “recursive”, which means the program searches in all subfolders, and their subfolders, and their subfolder’s subfolders, etc. grep -R “your word” .

What GREP means?

print matching linesgrep is a command-line utility for searching plain-text data sets for lines that match a regular expression. Its name comes from the ed command g/re/p (globally search for a regular expression and print matching lines), which has the same effect.

How do I grep next 10 lines?

4 Answers. You can use the -B and -A to print lines before and after the match. Will print the 10 lines before the match, including the matching line itself. And if you need to print 10 lines of leading and trailing output context.

How do I grep an exact string in Unix?

The easiest of the two commands is to use grep’s -w option. This will find only lines that contain your target word as a complete word. Run the command “grep -w hub” against your target file and you will only see lines that contain the word “hub” as a complete word.

What is awk used for?

Awk is a utility that enables a programmer to write tiny but effective programs in the form of statements that define text patterns that are to be searched for in each line of a document and the action that is to be taken when a match is found within a line. Awk is mostly used for pattern scanning and processing.

How do I grep and print next line?

You can use grep with -A n option to print N lines after matching lines. Using -B n option you can print N lines before matching lines.

Why do we use grep?

The grep command is used to search text or searches the given file for lines containing a match to the given strings or words. By default, grep displays the matching lines. … Grep is considered to be one of the most useful commands on Linux and Unix-like operating systems.

What does grep grep do?

Using grep txt grep will search through all text files in the current folder. It will apply the regex to each line in the files, and print (i.e. display) each line on which a match was found. This means that grep is inherently line-based. Regex matches cannot span multiple lines.

How do I grep multiple Word documents?

To search multiple files with the grep command, insert the filenames you want to search, separated with a space character. The terminal prints the name of every file that contains the matching lines, and the actual lines that include the required string of characters. You can append as many filenames as needed.

How do you grep more than one line?

For BSD or GNU grep you can use -B num to set how many lines before the match and -A num for the number of lines after the match. If you want the same number of lines before and after you can use -C num . This will show 3 lines before and 3 lines after.

What options can be used with grep command?

Command-line options aka switches of grep:-e pattern.-i: Ignore uppercase vs. … -v: Invert match.-c: Output count of matching lines only.-l: Output matching files only.-n: Precede each matching line with a line number.-b: A historical curiosity: precede each matching line with a block number.More items…

How do you grep two things at once?

The basic grep syntax when searching multiple patterns in a file includes using the grep command followed by strings and the name of the file or its path. The patterns need to be enclosed using single quotes and separated by the pipe symbol. Use the backslash before pipe | for regular expressions.

What are grep patterns called?

A grep pattern, also known as a regular expression, describes the text that you are looking for.

How do I grep a file in Linux?

How to use the grep command in LinuxGrep Command Syntax: grep [options] PATTERN [FILE…] … Examples of using ‘grep’grep foo /file/name. Searches the file /file/name for the word ‘foo’. … grep -i “foo” /file/name. … grep ‘error 123’ /file/name. … grep -r “” /etc/ … grep -w “foo” /file/name. … egrep -w ‘word1|word2’ /file/name.More items…•

How do you grep a shell script?

Search Multiple Words / String Pattern Using grep Command. Grep Count Lines If a String / Word Matches….Conclusion.Linux grep command optionsDescription-wForce PATTERN to match only whole words-vSelect non-matching lines-nPrint line number with output lines-hSuppress the Unix file name prefix on output6 more rows•Jul 3, 2020

How do you count grep results?

Using grep -c alone will count the number of lines that contain the matching word instead of the number of total matches. The -o option is what tells grep to output each match in a unique line and then wc -l tells wc to count the number of lines. This is how the total number of matching words is deduced.